Aspects of language which regulate the interaction and do not contribute to the construction of propositions
I: Gal Gadot was amazing as Wonder Woman, eh?
R: Yeah, I know, right?
eh = requests confirmation from Addressee
yeah = indicates agreement with previous Speaker
right = requests confirmation from Addressee
i-language plays an important role for...
... the construction of common ground
... the negotiation of turn-taking
The interactional spine hypothesis (ISH)
Roots of the ISH
ISH is inspired by work on the syntacticization of speech acts.
It differs in that it takes into consideration insights from different traditions which have long looked at language in interaction (including conversation analysis and functional discourse grammar).
I have developed the ISH over the past 10 years, with the help of many students at UBC. Details are discussed in various publications but the whole system is explicitly developed in a monograph I just finished and which will appear with CUP: The grammar of interactional language
The core tenets of the ISH
- i-language is regulated by the same formal system that regulates propositional language.
- There are hierarchically organized layers of structure with functions that are dedicated to configuring language in interaction
- Resp(onse)P for turn taking,
- GroundP for establishing common ground
- The interactional spine has a clausal and a nominal instantiation.
Video can’t be displayed
This video is not available.
Wiltschko, M. (to appear) The grammar of interactional language. Cambridge University Press.
Ritter, E. & M. Wiltschko (to appear) Interacting with vocatives!Proceedings of the CLA 2020
Heim, Johannes & Martina Wiltschko. 2020. Interaction at the prosody-syntax interface. in: G. Kentner & J. Kremers (Eds.) Prosody in syntactic encoding: Special Issue in Linguistische Arbeiten. De Gruyter [pre-publication version]